Diabetes Ganaka

Having diabetes, especially if you take insulin, can mean dealing with lots of numbers on a daily basis — from blood glucose level to grams of carbohydrate, insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio, and correction factors. These numbers are often crucial to maintaining blood glucose control and, in the long run, preventing diabetic complications. But on a day-to-day basis, all these numbers might seem pesky or even overwhelming — especially if you’re not naturally good at math. Diabetes Ganaka is the tool to help in calculations for better Diabetes Management.

Diabetes Ganaka 1.2
Touch Screen Enabled

Diabetes Ganaka 1.1
Diabetes Ganaka is mobile based  calculator of diabetes parameters which help in diabetes management. You can use Diabetes Ganaka to work out Glucose calculations(Average Blood Glucose, Mean Plasma Glucose, Estimated Average Glucose based on HbA1c), Hidden calories Calculations(On Labeled Products), Insulin Ratios(Blood Sugar to Insulin , Carbohydrates to Insulin, Blood Sugar to Carbohydrates), Corrected Dosage (with and Without Ketones), Corrected Calcium Calculations (based on current Calcium  and Albumin levels) and Obesity calculations(BMI, BMR, Body Frame Type, Ideal Weight, Calorie Required per day, Body Fat Percentage, Obesity Level, Body Water Percentage).
KeyControl
Up and Down Arrow keys to Browse Menu. Select or center key to select the Option. On the Parameter screen ,  you  enter the data and select appropriate options. Save key is pressed to see the calculated values. When the menu key is pressed ,it opens with two options: "help and key control". Once you press the save option, your parameters are saved and calculated parameters are displayed. The application  exited by selecting Quit on the menu.
Warning
The Diabetes Ganaka is a general educational tool only  and should not be considered as substitute for medical advice. Please do not reach any conclusions based on  these results.. Consult your doctor before making any changes in your dietary habits.

Supported Phones
Supported on all Java enabled mobiles.



Obesity
The simple tools provide all the parameters like BMI, BMR, Body Frame Type, Ideal weight, Body Fat percentage, Daily Calorie needs and Total body water . It also gives the  Weight category,to which you belong, like underweight, Super Fit, Athlete, Fit, Marginal over Weight, Over Weight, Obese.
In the Input screen  , You have to enter the following.
  • Height in centimeters
  • Weight in Kilograms
  • Age in Years
  • Sex : Male/Female
  • Elbow Measurement
  • Life Style : Sedentary / Light Active/ Light Exercise / Hard Exercise /Athlete.
Body Frame Type
Between the 1950s and 1980s, frame size was considered to be a key factor in determining the best weight for an individual. Your body frame size is basically the size and density of your bone structure. You are born with a certain structure and, for the most part, it cannot be changed, so a number of health care specialists believed it should be considered in determining a person’s ideal weight.There are 3 types of body frames: small, medium and large. Frame size is based on one of the following methods.
Easiest way to find the frame type is by following procedure. Put your pointer finger and thumb on your wrist, wrap it around, if they touch and overlap, you're small framed, if they just meet, you're medium framed and if they don't touch at all, you're large framed. But accuracy of this method is questioned.
So Elbow breadth method is used to determine the frame type. This method also takes the input of Height and gender to determine the Body Frame type. You can become fat or thin ,but your elbow breadth (which is more bone-skin, not  fat-muscle) remains same, compared to wrist measure which may be very difficult to measure especially if the person is above normal weight. Obesity Ganaka uses the elbow method to determine the type of body frame.

Glucose
Depending on HbA1c(Glycosylated hemoglobin A1c compound) value, the values are calculated and  provided using these following formulas:




Hidden Calorie
The Diabetes Ganaka takes the difference between the stated calories and the actual calories then divides it by four to yield grams. It then adds that to the carbohydrate grams listed on the label, giving you your total carbohydrate count. This formula is not perfect; however, it is a very close approximation.
The hidden carbohydrate, glycerin: There is a loophole in the FDA restrictions that allow manufacturers to leave glycerin off the labels of their products. The listed fiber count is sometimes higher than the "missing calories" difference between the numbers.


Note that this calculation will not help you if any of the "hidden" or missing calories are fat or protein; it assumes that all hidden/missing calories are carbs.




IMPORTANT: The 450/500 Rule is useful only for people with type 1 diabetes. People with type 2 diabetes usually produce some insulin naturally, in addition to the insulin they inject, so a total daily insulin dose cannot be calculated reliably.



Calcium metabolism or calcium homeostasis is the mechanism by which the body maintains adequate calcium levels. Derangement of this mechanism lead to hypercalcemia or hypocalcemia, which both can have important consequences for health.

Sources
Diabetic Gourmet Magazine
Global Rph
Healthy by kiona
Anthony Blogs  
American Diabetes association 
Pumper 
Fitness and freebies
Diabetes self Management

ReferenceCurt L. Rohlfing, BES, Hsiao-Mei Wiedmeyer, MS, Randie R. Little, PHD, Jack D. England, Alethea Tennill, MS and David E. Goldstein, MD "Defining the Relationship Between Plasma Glucose and HbA1c, Analysis of glucose profiles and HbA1c in the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial," Diabetes Care 25:275-278, 2002